Typically a slope of a mountain is covered with Valley of Flowers Trek. Flower-covered slopes in some other valleys on the Himalayas as well. However, the valley is not special due to a few abundant varieties during monsoon. But it is the sheer variety and the number of flowers together that make Valley of Flowers a unique and a must to visit place for a nature lover.
About Valley Of Flowers trek
Legends and myths met reality when three British mountaineers, Frank Smythe, Eric Shipton, and Romilly Holdsworth, lost their way and reached this piece of paradise on earth. They went to Mt. Kamet expedition and entered Bhyundar valley during their dramatic descent. They reached by descending through Bhyundar Khal instead of planning to reach Mana village.
According to Hindu mythology, this is the Nandan Kanan, the garden of Lord Indra. This is a high-altitude valley carved by the glacial action of the Pushpawati and runs east-west direction along the river. Pushpawati is a river, and the name was given to it by the Pandavas when they saw flowers floating on the waters of this snow-fed river.
A gigantic snow-clad ridge this valley from almost all sides. The valley is 6 Km long and 1 Km wide. The altitude varies between 3200 m to 3600 m. The place blossoms with alpine vegetation for 15-20 weeks (June to October). Rataban peak and Tipra glacier are the boundary of the valley in the upstream direction. This National Park is truly a botanist’s dream, an ornithologist’s charm, a photographer’s excitement, and a hiker’s delightfulness.
During the monsoon (July-August), the valley turns pink, white, blue, and violet. Anemone, Balsam, Angelica, Bell Flower, Brahma Kamal, Blue Poppy, Forget Me Not, Cobra Lily, Marsh Marigold, and Birch are a few common types of abundance in the valley.
Pushpawati flows through the valley, and Laxman Ganga coming from the Hemkund Sahib, meets below Ghangaria. Laxman Ganga or sometimes Bhyundar Ganga, which meets Alaknanda at Govindghat.
The valley of flowers trek from Govindghat to Ghangaria is a long walk of 14 Km, gradual along with Pushpawati River. Now a road is constructed further till Pulna village, 4 Km ahead. The trek to around 4 Km and the initial climb from the bridge on the Alaknanda River.
Hemkund Sahib is a moderate climb to a large high altitude lake and the holy shrine. This trek is different from the one inside the valley but worth it. You will experience some snow sections at an altitude even in July. At 4000 m/13000 ft, the terrain gets rocky and is ideal for Brahmakamal bloom.
Valley of Flowers National park and its Biodiversity
Cuddled on the high Himalayan peaks in the Chamoli district of Garhwal, Valley of Flowers National Park is always noteworthy for its floral diversity and unmatched natural beauty. This is home to more than 500 species of vascular plants, 160 + species of birds, and other insects and mammals.
The Nanda Devi National Park and Valley of Flowers National Park are breathtakingly beautiful high-altitude Himalayan landscapes with outstanding biodiversity from the core zones of the Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve. The Park was declared a UNESCO heritage site of a biosphere reserve in 2005.
Flora inside valley Of flowers
This valley has more than 520 species of plants and flowers in this area. Here are some of these:
Himalayan Rose (Rosa Macrophylla); Himalayan Honeysuckle (Leycesteria formosa); Wooly Pearly Everlasting (Anaphalis Triplinervis), Himalayan Blue Poppy (Meconopsis Bella); Himalayan Mini Sunflower (Cremanthodium ellipsis); Large Bellflower (Campanula latifolia) Himalayan Milk Vetch (Astragalus) Himalayan Monkshood (Aconitum Ferox) Purple Stalked Gentian (Gentiana pedicellata) 23) Creeping Aster (Aster diplostephioides) Himalayan Typhonium (Typhonium diversiform) 25) Himalayan Thimbleweed (Anemone obtusiloba)
Fauna inside Valley Of Flowers
Together with Nanda Devi National Park, this National Park forms one of the most bio-diversified regions in the Himalayas. The area is the home of many mammals, including Asiatic black bear, Leopard, Snow leopard, Brown bear, Civet cat, Musk deer, Blue sheep, Serow, and others. The various bird type includes Snowcock, Partridge, Monal, Pheasant, Vultures, Eagles, Laughing- thrushes, Warblers, Yuhina, Nuthatch, Honeyguide, Woodpeckers, Flycatchers, Magpies, Robins, and Redstarts, Sunbirds, Accentors, Rosefinches, etc.
Day 1: Drive from Haridwar to Govindghat – (290/265 Km) – 12/11 hours
Day 2: Trekking to Ghangaria – (14 Km) – 7/8 hours.
Day 3: Trekking to Valley of Flowers and back to Ghangaria – (8 Km) – 6/7 hours.
Day 4: Trekking to Hemkund Sahib and back to Ghangaria – (12 Km) – 7/8 hours.
Day 5: Trekking to Govindghat – (14 Km) – 6/7 hours.
Day 6: Govindghat to Haridwar by driving– (290 Km) – 11/12 hours.
- You need to reach on your own to Haridwar on Day 1 morning or the previous night. Return to Haridwar on Day 6 evening. Book your tickets for the inward journey and return from Haridwar accordingly. Transportation costs to reach Govindghat and return are not included
- The Last ATM at Joshimath is 20 Km before Govindghat.
- Only the BSNL network may work at trek base Govindghat.
High in the grand Himalayas Mountains with captivating mesmerizing scenery, Valley of Flowers is a place that is ideal for travelers. The best part is that the trek is moderate, enjoyable for everybody, and budget-friendly.